NEW DELHI: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will meet Chinese President Xi Jinping on Saturday (Jun 9) just weeks after the pair agreed to open a new chapter in their relationship following a tense border standoff.

The leaders of the world's two most populous nations will hold a bilateral meeting in the Chinese city of Qingdao on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit, India's foreign ministry said Thursday.

It follows a much anticipated face-to-face in late April when Xi and Modi sought to mend ties after a period of hostility between the regional powers.

During that encounter, both agreed to maintain "peace and tranquillity" at their borders, without specifically mentioning their militaries coming eyeball-to-eyeball in a disputed Himalayan area last year.

Both sides stood down and a major crisis was averted but the neighbours have a long history of mistrust.

Modi used a major security speech in Singapore this month to call for all countries to have "equal access" to shared maritime areas under international law - comments seen as directed at China and its expansionism in the South China Sea.

The US has put new emphasis on military ties with New Delhi and the rising importance of the Indian Ocean as nations look to counter China's inexorable military rise.

China and Russia lead the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation security bloc that will feature arch-rivals India and Pakistan as new members for the first time.

The two-day gathering revolves around trade and security and China's Belt and Road infrastructure project is likely to feature on the agenda.

India has raised concerns about the initiative as a major section passes through Pakistan-administered Kashmir, a disputed territory that New Delhi claims is illegally occupied.