by Krishna Chaitanya

The United Nations Security Council is one of the six principal organs of UN formed after the second world war in 1945 responsible for the International Peace and Security comprising of Five permanent (P5) members (US, RUSSIA, UK, CHINA & FRANCE) with veto power and 10 Non-Permanent members elected on regional basis for a period of 2 years on rotation. It was a long standing dream for many nations including G4 nations (Brazil, Germany, India & Japan) and African Union to reform the UN Security Council to make it more representational and to bring out transparency in its functioning. 

Since its formation in 1945 UNSC failed to manage properly in addressing the issues of world affairs.Over all these some 72 years of past the World had witnessed years of bloody wars,terrorism,immigration and displaced lives of middle eastern countries. Every single time the issues involved by the P5 members turned it into more mess and just become a battle grounds for testing their new weaponry which can be seen in Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. Instead of fighting collectively against odds the P5 members have been quarrelling among themselves for strategic influence. Hence it is very much in scene to address all these issues to find a solution in a systematic way can be made possible only through reforming the UN Security Council for properly managing the affairs in transparent way.

Hence the UN should open up to expand the horizon of United Nations Security Council by making it a 25 members body of 10 permanent members(apart from P5 allocating 2 new seats to Asia-Pacific, 1 to Latin America, 1 to Europe, 1 to a member of both OIC and African Union) and 15 non-permanent members which is a very much possible scenario but there are a few other nations who strongly opposing these reforms under a grouping called Uniting for Consensus leading by Italy,Pakistan,Egypt and Mexico often called as Coffee Club which was mainly seen as an counter for G4 nations bid as they might not have a chance for getting a permanent seat in United Nations Security Council.

Krishna Chaitanya is a Defence and Strategic Analyst. Views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of IDN. IDN does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same