Friday, October 20, 2017

Thales Developed An Exclusive Active Array Radar For IAF’s Tejas Multi-Role Fighter

Thales has developed an active array radar that will be fitted on 80 Tejas Mk1A multi-role light combat aircraft (LCA) operated by the Indian Air Force (IAF).

The lightweight, compact active array radar was developed to meet the Tejas’s manufacturer, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited’s (HAL), requirements.

Earlier this year, flight tests were conducted at Cazaux air base in France to measure the radar’s performance level. Tests carried out on a test bench aircraft, the flights proved that the radar is fully operational and meets the specific requirements of HAL for its combat and air superiority missions.

In just four months, thanks to Thales solid, proven experience with the RBE2, they been able to carry out successful flights to test the performance of the key features of the radar being offered for the Tejas Mk1A light fighter.

This is a clear guarantee of its extremely high degree of operational reliability.

The advanced fire control radar (FCR), which employs active electronically scanning array (AESA) technology, can be used for air-to-air superiority and strike missions.

It is capable of achieving long detection ranges, high mission reliability and multi-target tracking capabilities.

Thales said that the radar provides simultaneous modes of operation that support multi-mission capabilities for air-to-air, air-to-ground and air-to-sea operation modes and weapon deployment.

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Modi Calls Soldiers His 'Family', Celebrates Diwali With Army In J&K's Gurez Valley

Northern Command chief Lt General Devraj Anbu and Chinar Corps Commander Lt Gen J S Sandhu are also in Gurez accompanying the Prime Minister, an Army official said

The Prime Minister is accompanied by Army Chief General Bipin Rawat who was camping in the Gurez sector since Wednesday.

Kashmir: Like every year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is spending his Diwali with soldiers. This year, Modi has reached the Gurez Sector valley along Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir to celebrate Diwali with the troops posted in the forward area. 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi exchanged sweets and pleasantries with army soldiers and Border Security Force (BSF) personnel in the Gurez Valley.

Addressing the soldiers, Modi said the Union Govt is committed to the welfare and betterment of Armed Forces, in every way possible. He also mentioned the implementation of One Rank One Pension (OROP).

The Prime Minister also said that jawans who leave Armed Forces after completing their duty tenure, can become excellent yoga trainers subsequently.

Modi, who spent nearly two hours with them, said he considered the soldiers as his 'family.'

"Spending time with our forces gives me new energy. We exchanged sweets and interacted. Happy to know the jawans practice yoga regularly," he tweeted.

The Prime Minister is accompanied by Army Chief General Bipin Rawat who was camping in the Gurez sector since Wednesday. 

Northern Command chief Lt General Devraj Anbu and Chinar Corps Commander Lt Gen J S Sandhu are also in Gurez accompanying the Prime Minister, an Army official said.

Gurez sector is the gateway of Gilgit-Baltistan area.

Modi has been celebrating Diwali with security forces every year after he took over as the prime minister of the country. 

In 2014, the Prime Minister celebrated Diwali with security forces at Siachen.


French Defense Minister Set To Garner New Contract For Rafale Jets In India

Dassault Aviation has already expressed its eagerness to set up a manufacturing unit in India. The proposal will be taken up for further discussion during Parley’s meeting with India’s top officials who are likely to insist on the ‘Make in India’ model

New Delhi — Aiming to bag an additional order of Rafale fighter jets from the Indian Armed forces, French Defense Minister Florence Parley is visiting India next week. He will be meeting top political figures and officials of the Indian Air Force (IAF). Parley will be accompanied by a delegation of defense officials and French defense industry representatives.

The French delegation is scheduled to meet with Indian defense ministry officials on October 26, when potential defense projects under Narendra Modi’s ‘Make in India’ initiative will be primarily discussed.

The discussion is expected to include a proposal by French firm Dassault Aviation, the manufacturer of Rafale double engine fighter jet and Falcon 2000 business jets, about setting up a manufacturing unit in India.

Sources told Sputnik that the discussions will focus on clearing the hurdles in defense cooperation including technology transfer; primarily from Safran, to several long-delayed Indian projects.

"We are waiting for the final words on the jet engine program from the Indian side for a long time. It has not been moved as per our expectation," a French firm official told to Sputnik in New Delhi.

Safran, Thales, and several other French firms are expecting major collaboration with Indian counterparts on the approximately $4 billion Rafale offset contract. Safran hopes to bag a contract for its high-power Aneto engine from India’s state-owned HAL for its 12-ton multi-role helicopter program. Thales is also hoping to make a major push for its proposal to supply the $1.8 billion AESA radar systems for India’s Tejas light combat aircraft.

The Indian Air Force is also negotiating with France to procure 36 of its grounded Jaguar fighter aircraft to improve the serviceability of the six squadrons of the Jaguar deep penetration bombers which are in dire need of spare parts.

Parley’s visit will also mark a major precursor visit before French President Emmanuel Macron’s arrival in India on December 8 for a three-day visit.

During her stay in India, Parley will also launch Dassault-Reliance production facility in Nagpur which is part of India’s largest greenfield aerospace project. Apart from the Dassault-Reliance offset facility, the park is also home to the proposed facilities of Thales, DAHER, and Strata amongst others.

IDN TAKE: Significance of Highways During War

by Syed Sajjad Abidi

The coming week will witness Air Force’s landing and take-off exercise on the stretch of Agra-Lucknow express way from dated: 20 till 24 Oct. 

Use of highways as airstrips date back to world war 2 where Germans used highways (Autobahn) to land fighter planes. Though airstrips were used during Hitler reign, they were extensively constructed during cold war in countries like Russia, Finland, Poland etc.

A Myth popular in USA state that the Eisenhower Interstate Highway System requires that every one mile in five must be straight. These straight sections are usable as airstrips in times of war or other emergencies.” There is no factual basis to this statement and it originated in 1943 when in a presentation to the American Association of State Highway Officials, Commissioner of Public Roads Thomas H. MacDonald mentioned flight strips.

The importance of Airstrips can be judged from The Six-Day war between Israel and Egypt in 1967 offers a prime example of when highways will be useful as landing strips. In one of the most successful air force operations in military history, Israeli Air Force took the Egyptians by surprise and destroyed 18 airfields in a surprise attack in the early morning on June 5, 1967 as part of Operation Focus. Israel achieved complete air superiority over the battle space which would not have been the case had Egypt prepared for alternative landing strips on highways.

Indian Air force conducted first such an exercise on 21-May-2015 where Mirage 2000 landed on Yamuna-Express Way and this time according to the Gargi Malik, public relations officer of Ministry of Defence (Central Command), said, "20 IAF aircraft, both fighter and transport, will participate in the exercise. These will include French Dassault Mirage 2000, Jaguar, Sukhoi Su-30MKI and AN-32 transport."

Syed Sajjad Abidi has written this piece exclusively for IDN. Views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of IDN. IDN does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same

20 Air Force Planes To Land On Agra Expressway Next Week In Special Drill

The IAF's Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jets will also land on Lucknow-Agra Expressway in the special exercise

New Delhi: Twenty planes of the Indian Air Force will land on the Lucknow-Agra Expressway next week in an exercise that will help the IAF operate in a wide range of emergency situations, a defence spokesperson said. The aircraft that will practice the difficult landing on October 24 include AN-32 transport plane and Mirage 2000 and Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jets.

From tomorrow, no vehicles will be allowed to run on the stretch of the expressway which will be used as a landing strip.

The IAF aircraft will land on the stretch of the expressway near Bangarmau in Unnao district, some 65 kilometres from Uttar Pradesh's capital Lucknow, Gargi Malik Sinha, Public Relations Officer of Defence, Central Command told news agency PTI.

"It is for the first time any transport aircraft will land and then take off (from a road). The AN-32s are meant for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief during floods or any other natural calamity," Ms Sinha said. "The aircraft can bring a large amount of relief material. It can also help in evacuating people."

Several countries allow their air force to practice landing on and take-off from large highways in order to ensure air operations continue even when an airbase has been knocked out by enemy forces or natural disaster. Switzerland has several such highways that can be used as landing strips by its air force.

In May 2015, a Mirage 2000 fighter jet of the IAF test-landed on the Yamuna Expressway near Delhi as part of a drill for emergency landings on national highways. Another six IAF fighter jets -- Sukhoi 30MKIs and Mirage 2000s -- performed simulated landings in November 2016 when the Agra-Lucknow Expressway was inaugurated.

Rex Tillerson's India Speech Very Bold Robust Vision, Says Nisha Desai Biswal

Biswal said the partnership between India and the US creates huge opportunities for the two countries to work together on very important issues

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson's first major India-policy speech was "very bold and robust" and it underscored the importance of the bilateral partnership, eminent Indian-American expert on South Asia Nisha Desai Biswal has said.

Tillerson yesterday said the US is India's "reliable partner" at the world stage in this period of uncertainty and angst, sending a strong signal to side with India amidst China's "provocative actions" in the region.

It's not a coincidence that the first major foreign policy speech by Tillerson was on the US-India relationship, said Biswal, the former Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia in the second term of the Obama administration.

"I think, it's a very bold and robust vision that also understands the importance of economics and trade in that relationship and that the US and India have an opportunity to partner to provide alternatives to what he described as some of the predatory economic behaviour by countries that has drawn concern across the Asia-Pacific," Biswal said.

Biswal, who is joining US India Business Council as its president next week, said the partnership between India and the US creates huge opportunities for the two countries to work together on very important issues.

"This is an excellent approach from India's perspective. He has touched upon all issues that bring our countries closer, and underscored the importance of the partnership," said Mukesh Aghi, president of the US India Strategic and partnership Forum.

Rick Rossow, Wadhwani Chair in US India Policy Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said that with Tillerson's speech India has been vindicated in its stand on one belt one road initiative of China.

"That's one of the areas that I think India actually has been the conscience of the world," he said after Tillerson delivered his major India policy speech at his think-tank.

"The US in private would complain about these programmes but wouldn't do so publicly. India was the first country to do so to avoid the Belt and Road summit, to publicly state its concerns about these development projects not just with the Pakistan economic corridor but others," Rossow said.

"So I think, India can actually bend and shape US thinking in the region. This is really important for cementing this foundation," Rossow said.

If Tillerson during his India's visit next week walks away with new areas of engagement and deepening cooperation ten it might raise Chinese's eyebrows quite a bit more than one speech, Rossow said.

Writing in Forbes, Alyssa Ayres, from the Council on Foreign Relations, said that on China, Tillerson "appears to have been influenced" by India's public objections to the BRI.

In his remarks, Tillerson had raised questions over the financing for infrastructure projects that may or may not be economically viable, with unclear lending terms that may create unsustainable repayment obligations, she said.

According to Foreign Policy magazine, in his speech Tillerson touted the US-relationship with India as a cornerstone of the liberal international order and called it a key part of US efforts to shore up its position in the Indo- Pacific region.

The New York Times said Tillerson "made an impassioned plea" for closer ties with India while "casting China as a threat" to the world order and saying Pakistan needed to do more to fight terrorism.

"China experts have been predicting for months that mutual disappointment was inevitable. Tillerson's speech suggested that moment may have arrived, at least at the State Department," The New York Times said.

1962 War: 'It Was Entirely Unexpected That The Chinese Would Attack'

The China had no intention to move forward deep into Indian territory, as they did in NEFA

(Editor's Note: For far too long, Neville Maxwell's narrative on the 1962 war — which sees India as the aggressor and China as the victim — has held court. Nearly 50 years after Maxwell's book, Bertil Lintner's "China's India War" argues that China began planning the war as early as 1959 and proposes that it was merely a small move in the larger strategic game that China was playing to become a world player. Following is an exclusive extract from "China's India War")

by Bertil Lintner

It was entirely unexpected that the Chinese would attack. The Indians had observed a massive build-up across the border and there had been several encounters between the Indian Army and the Chinese PLA in the days before the main attack, including bombardment of Dhola and Khenzemane on October 19, 1962. But the ferocity and the sheer coordination of the Chinese attacks on October 20, 1962, and the days that followed stunned the Indian security establishment as well as international observers. At day-break on that day, artillery guns and mortars began intense bombardments across the Thagla Ridge.

According to Brigadier John Dalvi: At exactly 5 on the morning of 20th October 1962, the Chinese Opposite Bridge III fired two Verey lights. This signal was followed by a cannonade of over 150 guns and heavy mortars, exposed on the forward slopes of Thagla... this was a moment of truth. Thagla Ridge was no longer, at that moment, a piece of ground. It was the crucible to test, weigh and purify India's foreign defence policies.

Dalvi called it "The Day of Reckoning — 20th October 1962". The all-out assault on Indian positions north of Tawang was on.

On the western front in Aksai Chin, the fighting was spread out over a swathe of land from north to south, covering a distance of approximately 600 kilometres. But the thrust of the Chinese towards the south was confined to a relatively narrow area, which measured approximately 20 kilometres from west to east. Most of the attacks by the PLA seemed to be confined to dislodging Indian troops from the outposts that had been established as a result of the government's Forward Policy rather than for capturing territory. According to Indian military analysts, "In the Western sector, [the] Chinese had a limited aim. They were already in occupation of most of the Aksai Chin plateau through which they had constructed the Western Highway connecting Tibet and Xinjiang. In this war, their aim was to remove the Indian posts which they perceived were across their 1960 Claim Line."

They had no intention to move forward deep into Indian territory, as they did in NEFA (The North-East Frontier Agency).

The Aksai Chin plateau was and still is virtually unpopulated; this had made it possible for the Chinese to build their highway there in the mid-1950s without the Indians finding out about it until a year after it had been completed. The name Aksai Chin means "the desert of white stones", and the altitude varies between 4,300 and 6,900 metres above sea level.

In the past, some Ladakhi villagers used the area for summer grazing and made it part of the Cashmere wool trade, but otherwise there has been no commercial activity worth mentioning in the area. Whatever ancient trade routes that existed were secondary, and the only valley, if it may be called such, is along the River Chip Chap that flows from Xinjiang to Jammu and Kashmir. During the 1962 War, the Chinese captured several Indian positions in the valley and have since controlled most of the area.

During the weeks of fighting in this western sector of the theatre of the 1962 War, it became obvious that the Chinese knew exactly where the Indians were, how many there were at each position, and what kind of weaponry they had. As was the case in the NEFA in the east, pre-war intelligence gathering had been carried out in the Aksai Chin area by small teams of surveyors who could move freely and, presumably, undetected on the barren plateau.

A contentious issue on the eastern front was the location of the Indian outpost at Dhola in the River Namka Chu gorge, where the borders of India, Bhutan, and Tibet intersect northwest of Tawang. The post was created on February 24, 1962, and according to the Henderson Brooks-Bhagat Report, the site "was established north of the McMahon Line as shown on maps prior to the October/November 1962 edition. It is believed that the old edition was given to the Chinese by our External Affairs Ministry to indicate the McMahon Line. It is also learnt that we tried to clarify the error in our maps, but the Chinese did not accept our contention." The Chinese, in any case, would not have paid much attention to Indian maps. Their objective was entirely different: To teach India a lesson.

This remark in the Henderson Brooks-Bhagat Report is any way a far cry from the claim by Neville Maxwell and others that the establishment of the Dhola outpost triggered the 1962 War and that India was the aggressor.

Chinese troops had crossed the Namka Chu on September 8, surrounded an Indian outpost in the gorge, and destroyed two bridges on the river. The nearby Dhola Post was reinforced and firing from both sides continued in the area throughout September. Three Indian soldiers were wounded when the Chinese threw hand grenades at their position, but otherwise, there were no casualties.

Bertil Lintner is a former correspondent with the Far Eastern Economic Review, Hong Kong, the Swedish daily Svenska Dagbladet, and Jane's Information Group in the UK

US Should Shed Its Biased Views: China Fumes Over Tillerson's Speech On Indo-US Relations

China today asked the US to shed its "biased views" and work with Beijing to uphold the momentum for a steady and sound relations, a day after the top American diplomat lashed out at the Chinese model of funding infrastructure projects and developmental activities

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang also said that Beijing is "happy" over the development of ties between India and America as long as they are conducive to regional peace.

In a major India-policy speech yesterday, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson had highlighted the need for collaborating with New Delhi on offering alternative model of financing infrastructure projects and economic development to that of China whom he described as "predatory economics".

He had lashed out at the Chinese model of funding infrastructure projects and developmental activities, saying it does not create jobs and results in enormous level of debt.

Playing down Tillerson's criticism of China and his remarks to deepen ties with India, Lu told reporters here that the US should take more objective look at China's development.

"China steadfastly upheld the international order with the UN at the core and based on the purposes and principles of UN charter we will firmly uphold the multilateralism yet we will also firmly safeguard our own interests and rights," he said while responding to a question on Tillerson's remarks.

The US diplomat had branded China a "predatory rule breaker" specially in the South China Sea and leaving countries in debt.

China hopes that Washington can look China's development in an "objective way" as well as China's role in the international community, Lu said.

The US should "abandon its biased views on China and work with it towards the same goal to uphold the momentum for a steady and sound China relations", Lu said.

"We are happy to see the development of relations between these India and the US as long as they are conducive to the peaceful development of the region and enhancement of relations among the regional countries," he said.

Tillerson's strong comments coincided with China's once- in-a-five-year congress of the ruling Communist Party of China which is set to endorse a second term for President Xi Jinping.

On October 17, a top official of the CPC told media here told media here Chinese firms have invested about USD 560 billion in different countries abroad most of it was stated to project financing.

"Between 2013 and 2016 Chinese companies have invested about USD 560 billion overseas, paid over USD 100 billion in various kind of taxes to the host countries and created millions of jobs for the local communities," Tuo Zhen, spokesman of 19th Congress of the CPC said, refuting reports that China has been bringing its own workers and not hiring locally to execute several infrastructure projects that China is funding under the more than USD 50 billion China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

Mumbai Attack Terrorist Hafiz Saeed’s House Arrest Extended For 30 Days

A good number of his supporters were present at the court's premises who showered rose petals on him and his aides. Police, however, stopped them from chanting slogans in the favour of their leader

Mumbai attack mastermind and banned Jamaat-ud-Dawah chief Hafiz Saeed’s house arrest on Thursday was extended for another 30 days by a Judicial Review Board of Pakistan’s Punjab province. However, the board refused to allow the same in the detention of his four aides.

The 30-day detention will be applicable from October 24. Saeed’s aides – Abdullah Ubaid, Malik Zafar Iqbal, Abdul Rehman Abid and Qazi Kashif Hussain – may walk out free on the expiry of their September 25 detention order if they are not detained in any other case.

Saeed and his four aides were presented before the provincial judicial review board on Thursday amid high security in the Lahore High Court. A good number of his supporters were present at the court’s premises who showered rose petals on him and his aides. Police, however, stopped them from chanting slogans in the favour of their leader.

The three member Punjab Judicial Review Board comprising Justice Yawar Ali (head), Justice Abdul Sami and Justice Alia Neelam held the hearing. A court official told PTI after the hearing that the Home Department of Punjab government had sought three months extension to the detention of Saeed and others under public safety law. “The judicial board after listening to the arguments of the government’s law officer did not entertain his request and only granted 30-day extension to Saeed’s house arrest in Lahore,” he said.

The board also could not be convinced about keeping Saeed’s four aides in detention beyond the expiry of September 25 detention order for a month and dismissed the government’s plea for further extension to their detention, he said. The government may arrest Saeed’s four aides in any other case on expiry of their detention period in last week of this month, the official added.

Under the law, the government can detain a person for up to 90 days under different charges but for an extension to that detention it needs approval from a judicial review board.

Last Saturday the Punjab Home Department had withdrawn its request from federal judicial review board to seek extension to detention of Saeed and others under “Anti-Terrorism Act”. According to the Home Department, the government did not require extension of Saeed and his four accomplices under the Anti-Terrorism Act any more.

Explaining as why the government withdrew its application seeking extension to detention of Saeed and others, the Punjab government said since it has extended the detention of Saeed and four others for the last week of this month under the Maintenance of Public Order Ordinance 1960 it does not require to have their house arrest extended under the anti-terror law.

On January 31, Saeed and four others were detained by the Punjab government for 90 days under preventative detention under the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997. However, the last two extensions were made on the ‘public safety law’. The Jamat-ud-Dawah (JuD) has already been declared as a foreign terrorist organisation by the United States in June 2014. The JuD chief carries a reward of $10 million announced by the US for his role in terror activities.

Stable And Peaceful Afghan Will Create Better Condition For India-Pak Relation: Tillerson

Pakistan is an important element of addressing the Afghan challenge, Tillerson said

America's policy, quite simply on terrorism is that it will deny terrorists the opportunity, the means, the location, the wherewithal, the financing, the ability to organise and carry out attacks against Americans at home and abroad, anywhere in the world. (Photo: File)

Washington: A stable and peaceful Afghan would create a better condition for India-Pak relationship, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has said even as he described India and Pakistan as an important element of achieving American objectives in the war-torn nation.

Once the objective of a "stable, peaceful Afghanistan" is achieved, a big threat is removed from Pakistan's future stability as well, which then creates a better condition for India-Pakistan relationships, Tillerson told an audience in Washington after delivering a major India policy at the CSIS, a top American think-tank.

"So we see it as not just one issue, but a means of stabilising the entire region. And we intend to work closely with India and with Pakistan, we hope to ease tensions along their border as well," he said.

"Pakistan has two very troubled borders. We'd like to help them take the tension down on both of those and secure a future stable Pakistan government which we think improves relations in the region as well," Tillerson said.

Pakistan is an important element of addressing the Afghan challenge, he said.

"India is an important element of how we achieve the ultimate objective, which is a stable Afghanistan which no longer serves as a platform for terrorist organisations," he said.

America's policy, quite simply on terrorism is that it will deny terrorists the opportunity, the means, the location, the wherewithal, the financing, the ability to organise and carry out attacks against Americans at home and abroad, anywhere in the world.

"Well, clearly the threat to that policy finds its locus in many ways in Afghanistan. To the extent we can remove that as an opportunity for terrorism in Afghanistan, the greatest beneficiaries are going to be Pakistan and Afghanistan," he said.

"India's important role is in providing development assistance to Afghanistan as they move forward to create better economic conditions that provide for the needs of a very diverse ethnic group of people in Afghanistan," Tillerson said.

"So, it is about a commitment, a message to the Taliban and other elements that we're not going anywhere. And so we'll be here as long as it takes for you to change your mind and decide you want to engage with the Afghan Government in a reconciliation process and develop a form of government that does suit the needs of the culture of Afghanistan," the Secretary of State said.

PAK SCAN: Hysteria of Surgical Strikes

by Dr Zafar Nawaz Jaspal

THE Indian ruling elite has adopted multi-dimensional strategy to bully Pakistan. Although, its hysterical warmongering rhetoric does not intimidate the people of Pakistan, yet alarms about the probability of catastrophe in South Asia due the irresponsible behaviour of the Indian ruling elite. Announcing or threatening to conduct a surgical strike against a nuclear capable strategic competitor is a proof of strategic irresponsibility. Indeed, the hysteria of surgical strike is a threat to the regional security. Theoretically, conducting surgical strike against nuclear capable adversary may be possible, but practically, it is unthinkable. The militarily insecure nuclear weapon states, today, maintain a robust triad of nuclear forces. The triad of nuclear forces not only increases the striking options of the nuclear weapon state, but also makes secure the retaliatory or second strike capability of the state. The secure retaliatory or second-strike capability of the nuclear weapon state deters the surgical strike of the adversary.

The Indian political and military elite is either strategically ignorant or highly irresponsible. They fail to comprehend the conventional and nuclear capability of Pakistan. On October 4, 2017, the Indian Air Force Chief Birender Singh Dhanoa stated that if India needed to carry out a surgical strike, his aircraft could target Pakistan’s nuclear installations and destroy them. This statement exposes the strategic absurdness of the Indian Air Force chief. Either, he lacks the appropriate understanding of the nuclear warfare or he is simply deceiving his own people. Precisely, Mr. Dhanoa’s military chauvinism only increases the strategic temperature which is not in the interest of South Asian strategic environment.

The Indian Air Chief also seems ignorant of the bilateral agreement between India and Pakistan. Before making such naive claims, he needs to review the bilateral agreement about non-attack on each other’s nuclear installations. In December 1988, both sides agreed that they should not attack on each other’s nuclear facilities. The agreement on non-attack of each other’s nuclear installations ratified in 1991 along with a condition of exchanging updated list about the nuclear sites in their respective states on January 1st every year. Since then Islamabad and New Delhi have been exchanging revised nuclear lists on January 1st every year.

Importantly, it’s not first time that the senior Indian officer is speaking about surgical strikes. On September 29, 2016, the Indian officials claimed that their elite troops crossed into Azad Kashmir and killed suspected militants preparing to infiltrate in India to carry out attacks on major cities. Indian DGMO?Lt. General Ranbir Singh announced in a joint press conference of the Indian Ministry of External Affairs and Ministry of Defence: “some terrorist teams had positioned themselves at launch-pads along the Line of Control. The Indian army conducted surgical strikes last night at these launch-pads. Significant casualties have been caused to these terrorists and those who are trying to support them.” In reality, India did not conduct a surgical strike. It was a mere rhetorical claim for the domestic political consumption.

Pakistani leadership response to the Indian Air Force Chief’s absurd statement was very calculated. On October 5, 2017, Foreign Minister Khawaja Mohammad Asif warned that if India launched a surgical strike on the country’s nuclear installations, nobody should expect restraint from Pakistan either. Chairman Joint Chief Staff Committee, General Zubair Mahmud Hayat responded, “As a credible and responsible nuclear power, Pakistan rejects this India posture. Let there be no doubt that any Indian strategic miscalculation or misadventure (now or at any other time) will be responded with such force, as necessary, to teach a lesson to the errant party.” This marked confidence of the Pakistani strategic enclave about the safety and security of its nuclear arsenal as well as capability to respond in kind. Certainly, India does not have a capability to execute a splendid nuclear strike—a strike that would entirely obliterate Pakistan’s nuclear capability.

Islamabad advocates nuclear restraint policy in the region. It proposed nuclear restraint regime to India. The primary objective of the proposal was to prevent the region from lethal nuclear arms race and avoid nuclear catastrophe due to nuclear accident or inadvertent use of nuclear weapons. Unfortunately, India rejected Pakistan’s proposal. Consequently, both states have been advancing their nuclear arsenals.

The surgical strike statement also manifests transformation in the Indian nuclear doctrine. It highlights shift in India’s ‘no-first-use’ policy on nuclear warfare. Despite the shift in India’s nuclear policy and warmongering, the international community is tight-lipped about the rogue behaviour of the Indian ruling elite. It is failing to realize the sensitivity of the matter. It’s imperative that international community should reprimand New Delhi for its irresponsible behaviour for the sake of regional and internal security. To conclude, the Indian ruling elite is having a very destabilising mania of military superiority. It has been threatening nuclear capable adversary to penalize it by surgical strike without realizing the devastating consequences.

— The writer is Associate Professor, School of Politics and International Relations, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad

Fresh Attempt To Auction Terrorist Dawood Ibrahim's Properties

MUMBAI: The Centre has issued advertisements inviting bids for six properties belonging to absconder mafia don Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar in south Mumbai and Aurangabad, to be auctioned publicly on e-auction on November 14.

The properties owned by Dawood and his family, which were acquired by the government after the March 1993 Mumbai serial bomb blasts, have been put up for auction at least thrice in the past.

However, none of them could be auctioned off due to fear of reprisals from the fugitive don, who is now living in Pakistan, as per the latest revelations by his sibling Iqbal Ibrahim Kaskar, who was arrested last month by Thane police in extortion cases.

The properties include: Damarwala Building Room nos. 18-20, 25, 26, 28, and 34-40 tenanted properties on Pakmodia Street and Yakub Street, for a reserve price of Rs 1,55,76,000.

The next is the two-storied Shabnam Guest House on Yakub Street with a reserve price of Rs 1,21,43,000.

The other major property is Hotel Raunaq Afroz on Pakmodia with a reserve price of Rs 1,18,63,000, which was once earlier bid for Rs 4.28 crore but the sale could not be completed.

Two other properties are flat No. 602 in Pearl Harbour Society in Mazagaon, reserve price of Rs 92,69,000, and a tenancy Room No. 2 in Dadriwala Chawl on Maulana Shaukat Ali Road, reserve price of Rs 65,90,000.

Another is a factory plot in Paithan MIDC in Aurangabad with a reserve price of only Rs 102,000.

The earnest money deposits for the premises on the auction block range from a minimum of Rs 26,000 (Aurangabad property) to Rs 62,30,400 for the Damarwala Building.

The auction of all the properties on 'as is where is' basis is scheduled for November 14, 10 a.m. at the Indian Merchant Chamber at Churchgate.

Could China's Aircraft Carrier Killer Missiles 'Sink' the U.S. Navy?

by Harry J. Kazianis

Question: How much should America or anyone else fear China's supposed super missile, the DF-21D or DF-26?

The “carrier-killer” has been a favorite topic of mine for some time now. The weapons are launched from a mobile truck-mounted launcher into the atmosphere, with most likely over-the-horizon radar, satellite tracking and possibly unmanned aerial vehicles each providing guidance to a target in the open oceans. It also incorporates a maneuverable warhead, or MaRV, to help find its target.

The DF-21D would be instrumental in striking a vessel in the open ocean or denying access to a potential opponent in transiting to a conflict zone, like in the East or South China Seas. An August 2011 report by Taiwan’s Ministry of National Defense warned that: “A small quantity of the missiles [was] produced and deployed in 2010.”

When looking at this weapon, there are really two basic questions I have been asking for years: How capable is it? And if capable, can U.S. Navy vessels defend against it?


First, to its capabilities. According to the most-recent and up-to-date open-source materials I can find, the weapon indeed has been tested, however, never against an ocean-going, noncooperative target. As frequent TNI contributor Andrew Erickson pointed out in his 2013 study of the DF-21D (the best open-source resource on the “carrier-killer” to date):

“Additional challenges and tests remain before the DF-21D reaches its full potential; however, senior U.S. and Taiwan officials in the last two years have confirmed separately that the ASBM is in the field. Additionally, the basic support infrastructure is already sufficient to provide basic targeting capabilities against U.S. aircraft carriers operating in the Western Pacific (if countermeasures are not considered).”

As Erickson also noted, from the same text:

“The ASBM’s physical threat to U.S. Navy ships will be determined by the development of associated information processing systems and capabilities. This is part of a larger analytical challenge in which Chinese “hardware” continues to improve dramatically, but the caliber of the “software” supporting and connecting it remains uncertain and untested in war. The missile components of the DF-21D already are proven through multiple tests, but China’s ability to use the missile against a moving target operating in the open ocean remains unproven. The supporting command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) technologies probably still lag behind the requirement to identify and track a U.S. aircraft carrier in real time under wartime conditions. Improving C4ISR capabilities, however, is a high priority in China’s military modernization program. U.S. countermeasures are another matter entirely: there is every reason to believe that they are already formidable.”

With the above analysis done in 2013, we have every reason to assume that China has worked hard to perfect this weapon. In multiple conversations I have had with U.S. defense officials over the last year, most are working under the assumption that the DF-21D would in wartime conditions be able to at least initially target an ocean-going vessel and track such a vessel through its course to the target. Keeping in mind that Beijing would not fire just one of these missiles in combat—​and would likely attack its target with other types of missiles in a saturation-style strike—​there is certainly reason for concern. 

Can America Defend Against the DF-21D?

Assuming the DF-21D is ready for battle, can America defend against China’s mighty missile?

While opinions are clearly mixed—in speaking to many sources over the last several years on this topic—it seems clear there is great nervousness in U.S. defense circles. However, as time has passed, initial fears have turned towards a more optimistic assessment.

Back in 2012 when I spoke to noted defense expert Roger Cliff, he explained that:

“[O]ver-the-horizon radars used to detect ships can be jammed, spoofed, or destroyed; smoke and other obscurants can be deployed when an imagery satellite, which follows a predictable orbit, is passing over a formation of ships; the mid-course updates can be jammed; and when the missile locks on to the target its seeker can be jammed or spoofed.”

He continues, noting an actual kinetic strike on the missile in flight might be the hardest part:

“The SM-3 has an exo-atmospheric kill vehicle, meaning that it can only intercept the missile during mid-course, when it’s traveling through space, so an Aegis ship escorting the target would have to fire its SM-3 almost immediately in order to intercept the missile before it reentered the atmosphere, or else there would have to be an Aegis ship positioned right under the flight path of the missile. The DF-21D may be equipped with decoys that are deployed in mid-course, making the SM-3’s job harder. U.S. Aegis ships are also equipped with the SM-2 Block 4 missile, which is capable of intercepting missiles within the atmosphere, but the DF-21D warhead will be performing some high-G maneuvers, which may make it impossible for the SM-2 Block 4 to successfully intercept it.

How all this would work in reality is impossible to know in advance. Even after China has tested its missile against an actual ship, it won’t have tested it against one employing the full range of countermeasures that a U.S. ship would throw at it and, as you say, the U.S. Navy will never have tested its defenses against such an attack. Somebody is likely to be surprised and disappointed, but there is no way of knowing who.”

Indeed, as Cliff points out, U.S. carriers do have defenses, albeit against more traditional threats. However, it is important that we keep in mind that American carriers have been a target going back decades, and their defense has been something U.S. naval planners have been working on for many years.

Perhaps my favorite response to the DF-21D challenge is from the widely read blog Information Dissemination, that explains:

“Warships will continue to face new and challenging threats. If the past 125 years is a guide, naval weapon designers, and operational and tactical theorists will be ready to develop systems and operational and tactical measures to counter them. The DF-21D is a new threat, but it is not likely to be an operational and tactical surprise as were the Japanese A6M Zero fighter and the 24 cm Type 93 Long Lance surface torpedo to the U.S. Navy at the outset of World War 2. Open source reporting to date indicate the DF-21D has been tested against fixed land targets but not against a large moving target at sea. The U.S. Navy on the other hand has been working to counter the ballistic missile threat for over 20 years. There is certainly time to develop an effective counter to the DF-21D.” 

China’s “carrier-killer,” just like many of Beijing’s weapons systems must be thought of as part of a larger anti-access strategy. If a conflict with Washington or another great power ever occurred, China is betting on using such weapons platforms to make any sort of intervention in the Taiwan strait, East or South China Seas as painful as possible. With that said, there is much we don’t know about the DF-21D, or how well it would work in an actual shooting war.

In the end, the weapon might not be the great “game-changer” that many point it out to be, but a great complicator. Let’s just hope the only times we see this missile are on a parade route. 

Top Maoist Leaders Millionaires: Intelligence Report

Children of top Maoists Sandeep Yadav and Pradyuman Sharma study in prestigious colleges, own sports bikes and travel by air. Sandeep is wanted in 88 cases and carries a reward of Rs 5 lakh while Pradyuman is wanted in 51 cases and carries a reward of Rs 50,000

by Debashish Karmakar

PATNA: Two top Maoists in Bihar and Jharkhand who boast of fighting for the cause of marginalised sections of the society are millionaires and their family members lead a lavish life with the extortion money collected by cadres, according to an intelligence report prepared by the special task force (STF) of Bihar police.

TOI is in possession of a copy of the report which has been submitted to the Enforcement Directorate (ED). The report says that children of top Maoists Sandeep Yadav and Pradyuman Sharma, who are active in Bihar and Jharkhand, study in prestigious colleges, own sports bikes and travel by air.

Sandeep, who is in charge of Bihar-Jharkhand special area committee (BJSAC), is wanted in 88 cases and carries a reward of Rs 5 lakh on his head. His brother Dhanik Lal is also a Maoist.

Pradyuman is wanted in 51 cases and carries a reward of Rs 50,000. He is also a member of the special area committee. The report says that Sandeep's elder son Rahul Kumar is a second semester BBA student at a reputed private college in Patna. A sports bike, purchased from an Aurangabad showroom on down payment, is registered in his name. Sandeep's younger son Rahul Kumar lives with his mother Rajanti Kumari in Ranchi.

He also owns a sports bike and studies at one of the most reputed colleges in Ranchi. His sister studies at a private residential school in Gaya district.

Sandeep's wife is an untrained teacher at a government primary school in Lutua panchayat of Gaya district.Though Rajanti remains absent from school, she gets regular salary and owns property worth at least Rs 80 lakh, the report says.


ECONOMY: Led By The Chinese, Nearly 600 Companies Line Up $85 Billion Investments In India

Most of the investment proposals are from China at 42%, followed by the US at 24% and the UK at 11%

by Ruchika Chitravanshi

NEW DELHI: Sany Heavy Industry heads up a list of close to 600 companies planning to invest a total of about $85 billion in India in projects that will create an estimated 700,000 jobs in the country in next five years.

Invest India, the government's foreign investment promotion agency, is planning to actively promote the country as an investment destination and has drawn up a list of 200 companies not present in India that it wants to target.

"We want to achieve a $100 billion target of foreign investment in the next two years — both greenfield and brownfield," said Invest India managing director Deepak Bagla. India recorded its highest FDI (foreign direct investment) in FY17 at $43 billion, up 9 per cent over the previous year.

One of the world's leading engineering machinery manufacturers, China's Sany Heavy Industry plans an investment of $9.8 billion. Amazon, along with several other Chinese companies — Pacific Construction, China Fortune Land Development and Dalian Wanda — are each planning investments of more than $5 billion during this period.

Of the total indicated investment, $7.43 billion has already materialised and 100,000 jobs have been created, according to Invest India.

Rolls-Royce plans to invest $3.7 billion and Australia's Perdaman Industries $3 billion.

Invest India is hand holding the investors through the process, starting with identifying opportunities to scouting for locations and guiding them on policy.

Most of the investment proposals are from China at 42 per cent, followed by the US at 24 per cent and the UK at 11 per cent. Energy and waste management have received the highest investment interest followed by construction and e-commerce.

The Invest India team recently met Prime Minister Narendra Modi to update him on the status of the big foreign investments coming into India. "In essence we are the voice of investor in the system and solely dedicated to FDI," said Bagla.

"The idea is, as PM Modi said, to transform red tape into a red carpet for investors." Commerce and industry minister Suresh Prabhu has said there is a need for a paradigm shift in the government's approach to increase investments and it will reach out pro-actively to prospective investors.

The agency said it has received more than 100,000 investor queries from 114 countries in the past two years. Invest India says it can help companies meet the most stringent criteria.

A top Fortune 500 company stipulated 136 parameters while scouting for land to set up its facility in India recently.

"We researched for over 70 days, gathered data across the country and came up with options in four states meeting each of their criteria for them to choose from," Bagla said.