Tel Aviv: India, Israel's 'Indo-Abrahamic Alliance' continues to gather pace and the events at Mumbai in 2008 have become emblematic of the growing bond between the two countries, which may now be described as a strategic alliance.

This day (Saturday) marks 14 years since the Mumbai terror attacks. Between November 26 and 29, 2008, operatives of the Islamist Lashkar a-Taiba organization struck at 12 sites across the city of Mumbai, reported The Jerusalem Post.

Among the locations targeted was the Nariman House, host to a Chabad centre. Rabbi Gabriel Holzberg and his wife Rivka, who was six months pregnant at the time of the attack, were murdered along with four other hostages.

In July 2018, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Israel, the first visit by an Indian head of government. During the visit, PM Modi met with Moshe Holzberg. In January 2019, then-prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu was joined by Holzberg and Samuel on a visit to Mumbai, reported The Jerusalem Post.

In the area of defence and security, India is now the largest buyer of Israeli military equipment, with exports to India constituting 46 per cent of Israel's total arms exports. Israel is the second largest supplier of military equipment to India after Russia, New Delhi's traditional armorer.

The burgeoning relations are not limited to the defence sphere. In the area of agriculture and water management, Indian authorities have partnered with Mashav, Israel's international development organization, to develop methods to cope with an emergent water crisis, reported The Jerusalem Post.

Investments in the tech field are of growing significance, with Teva Pharmaceuticals among the most notable players. The acquisition by the Adani group of Haifa port is perhaps the most significant recent development in the commercial field.

The evidence for the deepening connections between Jerusalem and New Delhi in a myriad variety of fields is inescapable. In this regard, two areas are most worthy of consideration. The first is the area of geopolitics and strategy. The second is the cultural-political sphere. The grounding of the alliance in civil society and public sentiment is also important, reported The Jerusalem Post.

India and Israel face a common challenge as Western-aligned states at a time when the US, the leader of the democratic world, is in a process of recalibrating and reducing its external commitments. There is a consequent need for the establishment of structures enabling long-term strategic cooperation between regional powers.

The formal establishment of diplomatic relations between Israel and the United Arab Emirates in August 2020 paved the way for an emergent three-way alliance between Jerusalem, Abu Dhabi and New Delhi.

In an influential essay published by the Middle East Institute in July 2021, Egyptian-born strategic thinker Mohammed Soliman posited the emergence of what he termed an "Indo-Abrahamic Alliance," bringing together the UAE, Israel and India.

This alliance, Soliman suggested, would form the basis for a "new trans-regional order" in West and South Asia, reported The Jerusalem Post.

The emergence of this alliance, Soliman suggested, would fill the potential vacuum left by a necessary American shift to focus on east Asia.

The alliance would be based on deepening formalized cooperation in such crucial areas as maritime security in the Mediterranean, the Gulf and the Indian Ocean, missile defence, drones, common opposition to Islamist extremism, and data security, reported The Jerusalem Post.

India's close relations with the UAE have long been based on petroleum exports and remittances from a large Indian population working in the UAE.

In recent years, non-oil bilateral trade has sharply increased, with the UAE now India's third-largest trade partner. Israel's trade relations with the UAE, of course, have flourished since the signing of the Abraham Accords, with a free-trade deal signed in May 2022, reported The Jerusalem Post.

This emergent three-way alliance is based also on the presence of a rival alignment currently crystallizing - namely, that of Turkey and Pakistan. While efforts at rapprochement with Ankara on the part of the UAE and Israel are currently underway, the deeper orientations and ambitions of Ankara, at least for as long as the Islamist AKP remains the governing party, are likely to prevent a major change in this picture.

The establishment under US auspices of the "I2U2" group, in July 2022, formalizes and solidifies the strategic partnership between India, Israel and the UAE.

Indian commentator Harshil Mehta described the I2U2 as a "platform for the 21st century, driven by economic pragmatism, multilateral cooperation and strategic autonomy."

The second foundation of the India-Israel strategic alliance derives from the cultural-political sphere. At the most basic level, it is a geographic fact that the two countries are located precisely at the eastern and western edges of the Islamic world, reported The Jerusalem Post.

Both are based on ancient civilizations, revived into sovereignty at the moment of, and as a result of, the decline of European, specifically British colonialism in the post-1945 period.

The strategic partnership between India and Israel appears well-anchored at the public level. A poll conducted by Israel's Foreign Ministry in 2009 found that 58 per cent of Indians declared themselves supporters of Israel. Similar levels of warmth and support exist may easily be discerned on the Israeli side, reported The Jerusalem Post.